There are many ways
how to teach fractions, and the success or
failure of the student to understand
fractions will depend on the teaching method
used. The methods outlined below to teach
fractions have been proven to be easy for
the student to grasp, and easy for every
math teacher to implement.
It's been said that if a student
understands fractions, then they can
understand any mathematics concept. It is
then very important for every math teacher
to know how to teach fractions in the most
approachable way possible.
How to
Teach Fractions Tip #1  Explain every
fraction in terms of pizzas to make
fractions familiar.
When deciding on a method of how to teaching
fractions, we need to use fractional
analogies that the student will immediately
recognize. Thus enters the pizza as the
perfect instrument needed to teach the
concept of the fraction.
How to
Teach Fractions Tip #2  Explain the
numerator and the denominator until every
student understands.
Students will
never understand how to add or subtract a
fraction until they truly understand the
concept of a fraction. Use fractions that
every student understands. For example,
take the fraction:
Take the time to
explain that this fraction represents a
pizza that has been cut into two pieces, but
you only have one of the pieces. The
numerator of the fraction is the top number
and the denominator of the fraction is the
bottom number. Always keep in mind that
using the best methods of how to teach
fractions involves moving very slowly,
giving multiple examples involving fractions
until every student is comfortable. Use
familiar examples involving fractions such
as 1/4, 1/3, and 3/4 to reinforce the
concept of what a fraction is.
How to Teach
Fractions Tip #3  Draw lots of pictures of
fractions.
Children are
visual learners and the best technique of
how to teach fractions involves drawing
pictures of fractions. For example, take
the fraction:
This fraction can be
best described by drawing a pizza cut into
four pieces, but you only have three of the
pieces such as in this picture of the
fraction:
Other fractions can
also be visually taught in this way. For
example, if we cut a pizza into 10 pieces
but we only have 7 pieces, we can teach the
fraction as follows:
How to Teach Fractions Tip #4  Ensure that
you teach fraction simplification slowly and
thoroughly.
Most students
have a very hard time understanding the
concept of equivalent fractions, otherwise
known as fraction simplifcation. The best
way how to teach fraction simplication is to
show pictures of many such fractions that we
know to be equivalent. For example, we know
that:
For a student who is
new to learning fractions, this concept can
seen very hard to understand. As always,
when it comes to how to teach fractions,
pictures are almost always the superior
teaching tool. To show how these fractions
are equivalent, we draw each case
separately. The teacher can then show the
student that the fraction 2/4 is "two out of
four pieces" and that 1/2 is "one out of two
pieces". It is a very powerful method of
teaching fractions to show visually how
these two fractions represent the exact same
amount of pizza:
In conclusion,
learning how to teach fractions in the best
way possible is very much worth the teachers
time because when we form a good foundation
in the essentials of fractions, it will make
the future topics much easier to
understand. The student will then have a
good foundation in fractions to understand
how to add, subtract, multiply, and divide
fractions without problems. And by using
the methods outlined above, the teacher will
know how to teach fractions to the student
in the most approachable way possible.
